The rise of a country’s economy is reflected in its architectural development. However, the architectural development mania has also resulted in some unfavourable outcomes.
Did you guys know !!!
There really is a country’s capital that was created for thousands or millions of people but is mostly vacant now.
The United States squandered $17 billion on a megaproject that was never used and is still absolutely worthless today?
Today, we’ll look at five of the world’s most ineffective megaprojects.
Hawaii – Interstate H3
Let’s begin with a stunningly magnificent highway in Hawaii’s Aloha State, the 26-kilometre-long expressway H3, which goes through one of the world’s most beautiful environments.
The 26-kilometre-long expressway H3 runs through one of the world’s most beautiful environments. The roadway, which would connect the Pearl Harbor naval base on the west coast to the Marine Corps Air Station on the east coast, was first suggested in 1960 with security considerations in mind.
The project’s unveiling was received with opposition from environmental groups and Native Hawaiians who are concerned about the project’s huge industrialization. The H3 highway was finished five times faster than anticipated.
The project cost a total of $1.3 billion, or around $50 million per kilometre. The majority of Native Hawaiians, who still refuse to use the H3, believe it is cursed since so many religious sites were demolished during its construction.
In terms of megaprojects, the interstate H3 highway is unquestionably a success. It is, however, ineffective for some native groups.
Though it is one of the world’s most useless megaprojects, it is not fully deserted, as is the case with the following project on our list.
Also Read: Best Time To Visit Kauai, Hawaii
Spain – City re our Central Airport
Spain is also one of Europe’s most popular tourist destinations, which was a major factor when the plan for the city’s principal airport was devised.
The goal of this second airport was to provide an alternative to Madrid’s already overcrowded main airport. It was considered the core airport, but it was not in any way central, as it was 200 kilometres from Madrid.
A Spanish airport that cost a billion euros to construct has only received 10,000 euros in funding. The LaMantia airport first opened in 2008, but by 2012, it had gone insolvent and had to close. The iconic British TV show Top Gear promoted the airport as an abandoned area.
Naypyidaw – Myanmar
During British administration, the old city, Yangon, was built as the capital to benefit the British Navy. In 2002, Myanmar’s former military authorities began secretly constructing a new capital.
A brand-new capital city from the ground up. So far, the city has received $4 billion in funding from consecutive governments. He didn’t divulge the name of this new capital until four months later, and it was Naypyidaw, which means literally “people of the Kings.” It is Myanmar’s new capital, which was needed to start.
Naypyidaw appears to have everything to entice guests, including a 20-lane expressway, over 100 luxury hotels organized into three hotel districts, golf courses, museums, and even a 99-meter-tall copy of a Yangon icon.
Naypyidaw has a population of less than a million people, most of whom live in the city’s suburbs, which existed before it became the capital. The city is commonly referred to as a ghost town because it resembles an abandoned location.
Despite its seeming desolation, the Royal Capital has a silver lining. It’s designed to be a future metropolis, and with Naypyidaw’s rapidly growing population, there’s still time for it to redeem itself.
For the time being, it is undoubtedly the World’s Strangest Capital, and much of the country’s people find it useless.
Forest City – Malaysia
Forest City would’ve been built on four man-made islands and centred on a man-made forest ecosystem. Forest City’s position makes it a good bet for investors looking to profit from its accessibility to Singapore, an independent city-state.
The second link bridge has already connected Forest City and Singapore, reducing the trip between the two cities to just 20 minutes. The project is mostly sponsored by China, during those first few years of its construction, Chinese inhabitants had essentially free access to the city.
By 2019, Chinese property owners accounted for 80% of all property owners. Malaysians simply cannot afford to acquire these apartments since property rates are fixed exclusively for the Chinese market.
The inflow of Chinese investment sparked outrage, with opposition to the project branding it a new type of colonialism.
Foreigners are not allowed to acquire property in Forest City, according to Mahathir Mohamad. Many foreigners began to leave the city, discouraging new investors.
The epidemic and subsequent global travel prohibitions were the next big setbacks. Due to Malaysia’s movement control order, no new investors were allowed to enter the country. Due to the uncertainty, many existing investors withdrew from the project.
So, by the beginning of 2020, fewer than 500 people were literally residing in the apartment areas, which isn’t much given that Forest City is supposed to accommodate 700,000 people.
Nobody knows what will happen to this impossible-to-believe infrastructure in the future. This is why it was included in our list of the world’s most useless megaprojects.
Since the onset of the Coronavirus pandemic, the project has been in flux, with some salespeople stating that fewer than ten homes have been sold at Forest City.
Furthermore, Country Garden has laid off around 1000 Malaysian workers in the last year, highlighting the project’s massive decline.
Forest City was perhaps too idealistic, to begin with, too futuristic to completely realize, and too diplomatically challenging to succeed in the near future.
Despite the billions invested, it’s safe to infer that Forest City is today a dormant megaproject.
Yucca Mountain – Nevada
Nuclear waste, if not properly managed, has the potential to be more lethal than anything seen since the dawn of humanity. The best accessible option for storing nuclear waste has been identified as Yucca Mountain in Nevada.
There were no nuclear reactors in Nevada, despite the fact that the United States has over 100 operational and closed nuclear reactor facilities in 34 states. Because of its lesser population and congressional representation, Nevada’s Yucca Mountain was chosen.
Opponents argue that the mountain could contaminate a nearby source of drinking water. Native Americans who have inhabited the area for millennia use the water source, which flows into Amargosa Valley.
Despite the resistance, the project was approved, and the building was restarted by the Department of Energy. Nevada’s opposition, on the other hand, only got stronger.
They said that routine exposures throughout the changeover will stigmatize Nevada citizens and have a negative impact on the state’s tourism.
According to the opponents, Nevada was chosen for the repository because of its smaller population and congressional representation.
The project had already become highly controversial by the time President Obama joined office. The Obama administration declared the project unfeasible in 2010 and withdrew funding.
A federal court authorized its reinstatement three years later.
However, little progress has been made because the Biden administration indicated unequivocally that the yoga mountain is no longer on the country’s agenda.
After four decades of planning, court battles, and over $17 billion invested in the Yucca Mountain project, Nevada appears to have won the battle.
However, after all, is said and done, It was never utilized and is now a dormant megaproject.
This concludes the top of the world’s most worthless megaprojects. Do you believe perhaps some of these have the potential to be beneficial in the future?
Let us know what you think in the comments section below.